Browsing, skateboarding, sport climbing are actually Olympic sports activities — how will they be judged?

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Take a closer look at the format and rules for all new sports added to the Tokyo Olympics:

surfing

What are the rules

The competition in Tokyo is played on shortboards, with 40 athletes equally divided between men and women.

Five judges will rate all rides in each run, which will take approximately 20-25 minutes, based on difficulty, innovation and progress, variety, combination of main maneuvers and speed, strength and flow. The winners of each four-man run are determined by the combined score of the athlete’s two best runs and the winners advance to the next round of the competition.

Maneuvers can include:

  • The cutback is a basic surf move in which the participant creates a horizontal change in direction. The rider and board reverse the original forward path on the wave. It allows the surfer to return to the critical section of the wave from the shoulder of the wave.
  • The off-the-lip is a vertical turn where the surfer turns on the steeper, more vertical part of the wave. Contact is made with the lip of the breaking wave and then the surfer descends the board to the bottom of the wave.
  • The snap, also known as the slash, is a radical change in flight path in the pocket or on top of the shaft. When carried out abruptly, it produces buckets of spray over the surfer.
  • The aerial is a progressive maneuver in which the surfer gains speed and uses the wave height to project over the edge of the wave and take off.
  • The Tube Ride is considered to be the most sought-after maneuver in surfing. It consists in riding, being completely covered and disappearing behind the hollow lip of the breaking wave.

The competition takes place on Shidashita Beach, also known as Shida, which is about 40 miles outside of the Japanese capital in Chiba Prefecture.
Who are the favorites?

Top surfers usually come from the USA and Australia, but Brazil and the host country Japan could also be contenders. Kelly Slater, 49, who lives in Southern California, campaigned to get surfing on the Olympic list and narrowly missed out on qualifying for the Games.

Skateboarding

What are the rules

Olympic skateboarding is divided into two parts – park and street. Park has a more traditional skate park layout with a series of slopes and bowls that allow for more vertical movement. Road includes obstacles that can be found on the road, such as B. Handrails, stairs, curbs, benches and walls.

The competition in both categories is divided into preliminary rounds and finals.

In the Park Prelims, 20 skaters compete in four heats from five skaters. The first eight skaters from the combined ranking of the prelims move into the finals.

During each lap, the skater’s best of three 45-second runs counts as his final round. Five judges use a scale of 0-100.00 points. The highest and lowest scores for each run are deleted and the remaining three scores are averaged to two decimal places, giving the final run score.

In the Street Prelims, 20 skaters compete in four runs from five skaters. The first eight skaters from the combined ranking of the prelims move into the finals.

In each lap, the skaters will perform two 45-second runs and five tricks. Five judges use a 0-10.0 point scale. The highest and lowest scores for each run or trick are deleted, and the remaining three scores are averaged to one decimal place, giving the final score.

Each round, the skater’s four highest run or trick scores are added together to form his final round score.

Who are the favorites?

Southern California phenomenon Nyjah Huston is the # 1 skater and favorite to win gold, but he could be tested by Japanese Yuto Horigome and Kokona Hiraki, Brazilian Pedro Barros and Australian Shane O’Neill. In the women’s category, Margielyn Didal from the Philippines and Leticia Bufoni from Brazil are contenders for a medal.

Sport climbing

What are the rules

Olympic sport climbing will consist of speed, bouldering and lead competitions. In speed climbing, two climbers face each other as they climb a route on a 15-meter wall. In bouldering, the athletes climb fixed routes on a 4.5 meter high wall for a set period of time. And when leading, the athletes climb as high as possible on a wall of more than 15 meters within a specified time.

Each climber will compete in all three disciplines and medal positions are determined by multiplying the placement in each discipline, with the athletes with the lowest scores winning.

In some cases, only safety ropes are allowed as aids. Athletes rely primarily on their shoes and their bare hands.

In sport climbing, 20 men and 20 women fight for six medals.

Who are the favorites?

Adam Ondra from the Czech Republic, the French brothers Mickael and Bassa Mawem and the American Nathaniel Coleman are some of the male climbers to watch out for. For women, the British Shauna Coxsey, the Swiss Petra Klinger and the Italian Laura Rogora are strong competitors.

karate

What are the rules

The current form of karate can be traced back to the Japanese island of Okinawa in the 15th century. It became popular in Japan in the 1920s and later spread around the world.

Karate includes kumite and kata disciplines.

During the kumite or fighting competition, an athlete can win the three-minute fight by building a clear eight point lead or getting the highest score if time runs out.

In the event of a tie, the winner is determined by the first undisputed point advantage (senshu) or, in the case of a goalless fight, by the majority decision of the judges (hantei).

One point is awarded for a blow with a closed hand on the head, neck, stomach, side, back or trunk. Two points are awarded for a kick against the body. Three points are awarded for a high kick to the head or for a blow to a knocked down opponent.

In kata, participants perform pre-approved choreographed movements, with the winner being determined by a jury.

Karateka are rated according to technical and athletic performance.

Who are the favorites?

Spaniards Sandra Sánchez and Damián Quintero are kata favorites, while Steven Da Costa from France, Ryutaro Araga from Japan and Miho Miyahara and Ayumi Uekusa from Japan are all Kumite medal candidates.

Baseball / softball

What are the rules

Baseball was played as a “demonstration sport” many times before it was accepted as a medal sport during the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. The sport was played in Beijing until 2008, when it was removed. The IOC stated that the best players in the world were not available when asked why they were removed from the line-up.

Softball was added during the Atlanta Olympics in 1996 and was canceled after the 2008 Beijing Games. It was dominated by the Americans and was not considered a competitive sport.

Given the popularity of baseball in Japan, the IOC invited the host country to propose temporary hosting of events during the Tokyo Olympics, and the Japanese Organizing Committee suggested baseball and softball.

Six softball and baseball teams will play in round robin format, with each team playing five games at Yokohama Stadium in Fukushima. The two best teams qualify for the gold medal game.

The competition is hosted by the World Baseball Softball Confederation, the world association that was founded in 2013 through the merger of the International Softball Federation and the International Baseball Federation

Who are the favorites?

With Major League Baseball players skipping the event, Japan could make the most of their home advantage and win gold. US women are again preferred to win gold in softball.

This story originally appeared in the Los Angeles Times.

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